Languages, Religions, and Currencies
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This guide will be updated whenever necessary. Contact any Executive Councillor to request a change to this guide.


Languages
KALTACH (GERMANIC) LANGUAGE FAMILY


Caskaans - Afrikaans. Spoken almost exclusively in the Caskhomir Autonomous Region of Candanadium, where it is an official language.


Kanadiaans - German with a few slight variations. Spoken throughout Candanadium except Caskhomir and parts of Oseania, throughout Alpenraum, throughout Welka, as well as in Litzisch regions and in communities in eastern Edofasia and Alayka. Has many regional varieties throughout Candanadium. Is an official language in Candanadium, Alpenraum, and Welka, and a minority language in Edofasia and Alayka. Notable dialects include Belkhomirian (Bavarian), Welkisch (Austrian), Alaykan (with Russian influences), and Alpenraumisch, with the standard dialect being the Fischerstaat dialect. Viewed as the worldwide lingua franca.


Kreyerian - Norwegian. Spoken in Kreyermark, where it is the official language.


Oseanian - English. Spoken in larger cities in Candanadium as well as throughout the Oseania region, in parts of Alpenraum, eastern Edofasia, and in parts of Alayka. Is an official language in Candanadium (including its two autonomous regions) and Alpenraum, and is a minority language in Alayka and Edofasia. A common second language for Akareans. Notable dialects include the Konigstadt dialect (similar to Canadian English), which is the standard dialect, and the General Oseanian dialect (similar to American English). There is evidence to suggest that Oseanian was an evolution of Trefjalli.


Trefjalli - Icelandic. Spoken in Trefjall, Drulluhus, Jökullheim, by some regions in Kreyermark, and the Westland and Northern Cape provinces of Candanadium. Official language in Trefjall and a minority language in Candanadium. Notable dialects include the Westland and Cape Trefjalli dialects.


Varskaans - Dutch. Spoken in Varskhomir, where it is an official language.




CENAESII-LUXERO (ROMANCE) LANGUAGE FAMILY

Cenaesian - Classical Latin. Spoken in Cenaesia, where it is an official language.
Dulbydillan - French. Spoken in Dulbydilla, where it is an official language.
Enapian - Portuguese. Spoken in Enap, where it is an official language

Luxerian - Spanish. Spoken in Luxlein, where it is an official language, and in parts of Bollonich, where it is a minority language.


Mortasian - Italian. Spoken in Mortasia, where it is an official language.

AKAREAN-JAZADOAN (SINO-TIBETAN) LANGUAGE FAMILY


Akarean Mandarin - Mandarin Chinese. Spoken throughout Akarea but with many regional varieties and in the Candanadian province of Hautsing. Official language in Akarea, has the most native speakers of any language in the world.

Jazadoan/Khitai - Essentially the same as Akarean but written using the Cyrillic alphabet. Spoken throughout Jazado, where it is an official language. (full rules of transcription can be provided upon request)


Lokwanian - Cantonese. Spoken in Lokwania, where it is an official language.

TERRAN (GAELIC) LANGUAGE FAMILY


Edofasian - Irish Gaelic. Spoken throughout Edofasia and by a few ex-settlers in Candanadium, as well as on the border regions with Sudardes. Official language in Edofasia and a minority language in Alayka and Sudardes. Viewed by some Edofasian-Candanadians as a heritage language and as a prestige language in Cenaesia. Mutually intelligible to a high degree with Sudardesian.


Sudardesian - Scots Gaelic. Spoken throughout Sudardes and on the border regions of Edofasia. Official language in Sudardes and a minority language in Edofasia. Mutually intelligible to a high degree with Edofasian.


Erslandish - Welsh. Spoken in New Ersland, where it is an official language.
SLAVAYAN (SLAVIC) LANGUAGE FAMILY


Novmiran - Russian. Spoken in Novmir and in pockets of Alayka. Official language in Novmir.


Alaykan - Belarusian. Spoken in Alayka, where it is an official language.


Donvian - Polish. Spoken in Donvia.

ISOLATED LANGUAGES


Meltorian - Has no real life equivalent. Spoken in Meltor, where it is an official language.


Tokugo - Japanese but written using the Korean alphabet. Spoken in Hykko, where it is an official language.


Jama - Xhosa. Spoken in Jamasapos, where it is an official language.


Gaanglanglataaran - Mongolian written using the traditional Mongolian script. Spoken in Gaanglanglataar, Akarea.


Bantangese - Korean. Spoken in Bantang, Akarea


Bollonichian - Bengali. Spoken in Bollonich.


Ergkekian - Brazilian Portuguese/English. Spoken in Ergkek.


Satoyaman - Japanese. Spoken in Satoyama.

Religions


EOSTRISM - The traditional faith of the Kanadiaans of Candanadium, this is the worship of the fire god, Eostre, who is believed to have guided the Kanadiaans from the Isle of Kaltach to the shores of Candanadium. Eostre is the primary deity, with many mythological figures revered as saints, such as King Wilhelmus of Magnare, the legendary first King of the Kanadiaans. Eostrism is practiced throughout Kanadiaans communities. Three is a holy number in Eostrism, as three ships carried the Kanadiaans to Candanadium, which is also why three maple leaves are featured on the Candanadian flag. The head of the Eostrist Church of the Lord of Flame is the First Flame, residing in the Palace of Eostre in Old Konigstadt. Houses of worship are Eostrist Churches, also called Fire Temples, and the clergy is made up of priests and priestesses. The monastic order is the Brothers and Sisters of Eostre. The holy text of Eostrism is the Red Book, also known as the Book of Flame. The most important religious holiday is the Fall Festival, celebrated on the first Wednesday of November every year. Eostrism is the predominant religion in Candanadium and Belkhomir, and also the religion of the Candanadian royal family.

Eostrism was not traditionally a monotheistic religion but has evolved to be over the years. Eostrists believe that Eostre appeared thrice to man, once in Year 0 to cleanse the mortal world of sin, once during the time of the Old Kaltach Union to unite the Kaltach races in brotherhood, and yet another to lead Wilhelmus of Magnare to the land of Candanadium. Eostrists also believe that Ragnarok, the traditional Kaltach doomsday myth, will occur at Eostre's fourth coming.

A variation of Eostrism is the Jokullheime belief in Eosken, which is the same deity as Eosken, though the main Jokullheime holy text is Of Forge and Flame, which is only viewed as a supporting text in Candanadium. Jokullheime Eostrism has retained several of the features of older Kanadiaans Eostrism. The Jokullheime Eostrist Church is viewed as heretic by the Candanadian Eostrist Church due to its interpretation of Eostre/Eosken's various comings. Jokullheime Eostrism views the world as being in a post-Ragnarok state, Ragnarok being Year 0.

Yet another variation of Eostrism exists in Kreyermark.


THE OSEANIAN FAITH - The traditional faith of the Oseanians of Candanadium, this is the worship of the nameless gods of stone and water and leaf. The maple leaf is a holy symbol in the Oseanian Faith, and prayers to the gods are made beside mountains, bodies of water, and beneath maple trees, which are some of the most sacred objects. Oaths and marriages are also administered under maple trees for the gods to bear witness. There is no centralized church nor clergy in the Oseanian Faith. The Oseanian Faith began as an offshoot of the Trefjalli faith, one that believed that not all trees were sacred, only maple trees, resulting in their banishment to the eastern shore of the River Tref.


THE FAITH OF OUR LADY OF CASKHOMIR - The traditional faith of the Caskaans of Caskhomir, this is the worship of the mystical deity, Our Lady of Caskhomir, believed to be the guardian of the Caskaans, having carried the Caskaans over the sea to Caskhomir, much like Eostre is to the Kanadiaans. The Faith of Our Lady is practiced throughout Caskhomir and other Caskhomirian communities. The head of the Faith of Our Lady is the Stewardess of Our Lady, and the clergy and monastic order is the Order of the Sisters of Our Lady, only open to women. The true name of Our Lady of Caskhomir is only revealed to the Stewardess on the night of her confirmation, and is an extremely well guarded secret. Houses of worship are the Temples of Our Lady, featuring an altar upon which food and drink are placed, offerings to Our Lady in gratitude of her stewardship and maintenance of Caskhomir. Families will visit Temples every Friday evening to give their offerings, which are cleared by the Sisters the following morning and fed to birds, which are believed to be the messengers of Our Lady. It is believed that historically, Our Lady of Caskhomir and Eostre were both gods in the same Kaltach belief system. The Faith of Our Lady is the predominant religion in Caskhomir.


EINATRÚARTRÉР- Also known as Trefjalli Paganism or the Trefjalli faith, this is the traditional faith of the Trefjalli of Trefjall, it is also observed by a minority of the Westland Trefjalli and the Cape Trefjalli of Candanadium, who have mostly converted to Eostrism. According to the Trefjalli, the world was created when the worlds of ice and fire came together to form man, made of solid rock, and Trefjall's creation was the result of a mystical tree on top of a mountain. The Trefjalli raids on the Terran east coast and the lands of what would become modern-day Candanadium were a result of Einatrúartréð fanaticism, and an attempt to purge the "deviants" that would go on to become the Oseanian people.


PROPHETISM - The faith of Alpenraum.


THE FAITH OF A’RU - Also known as the Edofasian Faith, this is the traditional faith of the Edofasians. This faith was heavily suppressed in the early days of the Dominion of Edofasia. The main deity is A’ru, and the main anti-deity is Lugh, which is revered in Cenaesia. The Faith of A’ru teaches that men have no masters nor gods, only teachers, and that man is created equal to one another and must work and live as a commune, never raising a class above his fellow man. The house of worship in the Faith of A’ru is the Temple, and other divine beings, such as the Horator and the Tribunal, are also revered as part of the faith. The head of the faith is the High Priest. The primary holy text is the Black Book, with the 36 Lessons of Lugh also being a text of divine importance.

A Bollonichian offshoot of the Faith of A'ru exists in which Lugh is revered as well, alongside an indigenous deity, Trou.


PRAVOSLAVIA - The main faith of the Jazadoans of Jazado. The name translates directly to "Followers of Righteous Glory", and the faith has a large influence on everyday life.


MUHAGUSHIN - Essentially the Hykkogyo equivalent of Shintoism. Practiced throughout Hykko.\


GHENGISM - The predominant religion of Akarea.


GROPISM - A religion native to Bollonich, its adherent believe that the path to enlightenment is through non-violence and inflicting minimal harm to living things, like plants and animals. Believes in reincarnation based on karmic principles.





Currencies




THE AKAREAN YUAN (AKY) - The yuan (元) has no subunits. Used throughout Akarea.


THE ALAYKAN RUBLE (AYR) - One ruble (₽, p.) is broken down into 100 kopeks (коп., к.). Used throughout Alayka.


THE BELKHOMIRIAN DUCAT (BKD) - One ducat (ß) is broken down into 100 pfennig (pf). Used throughout Belkhomir.


THE BOLLONICHIAN DINAR (BCD) - The dinar (₫) has no subunits. Used throughout Bollonich, though the Edofasian pound/Sudardesian nugget is sometimes used informally.


THE CANDANADIAN THALER (KAT) - One thaler ($) is broken down into four kreuzen (Kz) which is further broken down into 240 pfennig (pf/p). This is one of the most valuable and stable currencies in the world. Written as $thalers/kreuzen/pfennig (e.g. $5/3/59). Used throughout Candanadium with the exception of Caskhomir and Belkhomir.


THE CANDANADIAN GOLD MARK (KGM) - The Gold Mark (GM) is issued by the Royal Bank of Candanadium as a gold certificate and is not legal tender in Candanadium or anywhere. it is generally bought by investors or by those travelling to stateless territory or other locations where gold is accepted more readily than cash. Every thirty gold marks are backed by one gram of gold in the Royal Bank of Candanadium or the Jokullheim Bank of Jokullheim due to a bullion-sharing arrangement between the two nations. Thus, the Gold Mark is equal in value to the Jokullheime Raven, which remains on the gold standard. Unlike the thaler, the gold mark is decimalized, with 100 pfennig in a gold mark. 


THE CASKHOMIRIAN RAND (CSR) - One rand ® is broken down into 100 cents ©. Used throughout Caskhomir.


THE CENAESIAN DENARIUS (CED) - The plural of denarius (D) is denarii (changes based on case), decimalized but the subunit does not have a name of its own (expressed simply as D0.90, etc). Used throughout Cenaesia


THE EDOFASIAN POUND (EDP) - One pound (£) is broken down into 100 pence (p). Used throughout Edofasia. The pound is of equal value to the Sudardesian Nugget (SUN) and is accepted as legal tender in Sudardes as well.


THE ERGKEKIAN PESO (EKP) - One peso (@) is broken down into 10 kramps (KR), or 200 deru (D). Used throughout Ergkek.


THE HYKKOGYO YUWON (HYY) - The yuwon (¥) has no subunits. Used throughout Hykko.


THE JAZADOAN TAEL (JZT) - One tael (TL) is broken down into 10 coins. Used throughout Jazado. 


THE JOKULLHEIME RAVEN (JHR) - One raven (§) is broken down into 10 crows. Used throughout Jokullheim. Thirty ravens are equivalent to one gram of gold. The Jokullheime raven is the only major standard currency to remain on the gold standard, and every thirty ravens are backed by one gram of gold in the Royal Candanadian Bank or the Jokullheim Bank of Jokullheim.


THE LUXERIAN AMERO (LXA) - One amero (₴) is broken down into 100 luxes (lx). Used throughout Luxlein.


THE MELTORIAN STATZOON (UKS) - One statzoon (st) is broken down into 60 statrons (sr), or 120 statglos (sg). Used throughout Meltor. Amounts are written statzoon-statrons-statglos with the statzoon symbol at the end. (e.g. 5-33-45st)


THE NOVMIRAN RUBLE (NVR) - One ruble (₽, p.) is broken down into 100 kopeks (коп., к.). Used throughout Novmir.


THE SATOYAMA YEN (YMY) - The yen (¥) has no subunits. Used throughout Satoyama.


THE SUDARDESIAN NUGGET (SUN) - One nugget ($) is broken down into 10 crumbs © and further broken down into 10 morsels (m). There are 100 morsels in a nugget. Used throughout Sudardes. The nugget is of equal value to the Edofasian Pound (EDP) and is accepted as legal tender in Edofasia as well.


THE TREFJALLI KRONA (TEK) - The krona (kr) has no subunits. Used throughout Trefjall.


THE KREYERMARK KRONE (KKK) - The krone (kr) is pegged to the Trefjalli Krona at parity and circulated alongside the Krona in Kreyermark. However, Kreyermark Krone are rarely seen in Trefjall.


THE WELKISCH MARK (WKM) - The mark (WM) is broken down into 100 pfennig. Used throughout Welka.



Exchange Rates
ATTENTION - A standing exchange rate list will no longer be maintained due to the presence of TDK-CC.

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